Glossary


Glossary

Talking the talk about food allergies and symptoms.

Food allergies and GI issues have a language all their own, and it can be confusing and overwhelming. This glossary is here to help you understand the key terms and be better informed overall.

You can also visit our Symptom Guide to help you identify milk allergy and other GI-related symtpoms so you can discuss them with your doctor and dietitian.

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  • Elemental formula

    Neocate is an elemental formula. It is based on 100% free amino acids rather than whole or partial proteins, which can cause an allergic reaction in some individuals.

    Elemental formula Definition
  • Elimination diet

    Strict removal of certain foods from the diet. Often based on allergy tests or removal of one or more of the top food allergens seen in children: milk, soy, egg, nut (tree nut and peanut), wheat, and fish or shellfish. Elemental formula such as Neocate may be used to supplement the restricted diet to meet all nutritional needs.

    Elimination diet Definition
  • Endoscopy

    A procedure where the doctor uses a small, flexible tube called an endoscope to view a person’s digestive system.

    Endoscopy Definition
  • Enteral feeding

    A method of delivering nutrients through a tube or orally by mouth.

    Enteral feeding Definition
  • Eosinophil

    A type of white blood cell found in highest concentration in the digestive system.

    Eosinophil Definition
  • Eosinophilic colitis

    A condition characterized by an abnormally high number of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, affecting the large intestine. It may be related to a specific allergen, as symptoms tend to follow ingestion of certain foods and patients tend to have a history of food allergy.

    Eosinophilic colitis Definition
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)

    A condition characterized by an abnormally high number of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, in the esophagus. It is typically caused by food allergies. Symptoms can include feeding disorders, regurgitation, vomiting and difficulty swallowing. It is often misdiagnosed as GERD.

    Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) Definition
  • Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

    A condition characterized by an abnormally high number of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, in the stomach and small intestine. It may be related to a specific allergen, as symptoms tend to follow ingestion of certain foods and affected patients tend to have a history of food allergy.

    Eosinophilic gastroenteritis Definition
  • Eosinophilic GI disorders (EGID)

    A group of disorders characterized by having abnormal amounts of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, in one or more specific places anywhere in the digestive system. EGID is subdivided into organ-specific diagnosis: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), high number of eosinophils occurring in the esophagus; Eosinophilic gastritis (EG), high number of eosinophils in the stomach; Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE), high number of eosinophils in the stomach and small intestine; Eosinophilc colitis (EC), high number of eosinophils in the large intestine.

    Eosinophilic GI disorders (EGID) Definition
  • Esophagus

    A muscular tube that carries food, liquid and saliva from the mouth to the stomach.

    Esophagus Definition
  • Exempt infant formula

    An infant formula prescribed by a physician and available through pharmacies. Exempt infant formulas are generally represented and labeled solely to provide dietary management for specific diseases or conditions and must be used under medical supervision. The FDA classifies Neocate as an exempt infant formula.

    Exempt infant formula Definition
  • Extensively hydrolyzed formulas

    Formula based on cow milk or vegetable proteins that are extensively broken down into smaller particles for easier digestion.

    Extensively hydrolyzed formulas Definition